The Nigerian Attorney-General and Minister of Justice, Mr. Mohammed Adoke has won the 2011 International Law Commission (ILC) reelection.
He defeated 12 other African nominees for the 9 seats given to the African Continent on the Board of the International Law Commission. He won by 135 votes, against nominees from Côte d’Ivoire, Mozambique, Libya, Mali, Egypt, Cameroon, Algeria, Malawi, Tanzania, South Africa, Sudan, and Kenya.
Adoke will begin his new five-year term on 1 January 2012, while the 34 members of the Commission tenure for the 2007-2011 quadrennium expires at the end of 2011.
The Attorney-General arrived New York on Tuesday, where he was welcomed by a reception and African Dinner at the Nigeria House, planned by the Nigerian Permanent Representative to the UN, Prof. Joy Ogwu.
Candidates to the ILC are nominated by member states and elected through the General Assembly. Members serve five-year terms, with the possibility of re-election. As the Commission should represent the main forms of civilization and principal legal systems of the world, the members are drawn from each geographical region of the world.
The ILC statute provides that members of the Commission “shall be persons of recognized competence in international law,” with qualifications in both doctrinal and practical aspects of the subject. Of the 34 members on the Commission, no two may be nationals of the same state.
The ILC is a body of experts subordinate to the General Assembly, created for the purpose of codifying and developing international law. Since its creation in 1947, it has worked extensively in the field, meeting annually to review issues such as the law of the high seas, nationality and statelessness, and treaty law. The Commission is responsible for authoring a number of documents central to international law.