United Nations – A UN Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) has said that the frequency and intensity of extreme weather and climate events such as heat waves, floods and droughts are expected to increase worldwide as a result of climate change.
The IPPC,in its special report on Thursday, said that there were few measures to manage the risks associated with climate disasters, despite the wealth of knowledge that already exists.
The report noted that policies to avoid, prepare for, respond to and recover from the risks of disasters could reduce the impact of extreme weather and climate events and increase the resilience of people exposed to them.
It assessed the evidence that climate change had led to changes in climatic conditions and the extent to which policies to avoid prepare for, respond to and recover from the risks of disasters could reduce the impact of such events.
It explained that the character and severity of impacts from climate extremes depend not only on the extremes themselves but also on exposure and vulnerability.
The report added that adverse impacts are considered disasters when they produce widespread damage and cause severe alterations in the normal functioning of communities or societies.
According to the report, climate extremes, exposure, and vulnerability are influenced by a wide range of factors, including anthropogenic climate change, natural climate variability, and socio-economic development.
The report said that disaster risk management and adaptation to climate change focus on reducing exposure and vulnerability and increasing resilience to the potential adverse impacts of the climatic conditions.
It, however, stated that risks associated with extreme weather and climate events could not be totally eliminated. (NAN)